by Tony Cross
Article published on the 2009-08-09 Latest update 2009-08-12 08:19 TU
1960: Born in Kabul, father appointed a senator by the king.
1983: Graduates from Kabul University with a degree in ophthalmology.
1985: Leaves Afghanistan. Works at a hospital in an Afghan refugee campaign in Peshawar, Pakistan.
1986: Becomes close to Ahmad Shah Masood, the leader of the United Islamic Front, better known as the Northern Alliance, which fights the Soviet occupation and later the Taliban.
1995: Spokesperson for the Islamic State of Afghanistan during the post-Soviet war between mujahedeen factions, which saw the birth of the Taliban.
1997: Works with Ahmad Shah Masood during the war with the Taliban, serving as Foreign Minister in the Masood’s government, while the Taliban control 95 per cent of the country; arrives in Kabul with the Northern Alliance (see report The fall of the Taliban);
2001: Foreign Affairs Minister in the interim government.
2002-2006: Foreign Affairs Minister, quits government when Karzai proposes a less important post.
2006: Joins the United National Front with former President Burhanuddin Rabbani and Marshal Mohammad Qasim Fahim.
2009: Stands as presidential candidate, as Fahim deserts the front to support Karzai.